Data are considered to be “open” if anyone can freely access, use, re-use and redistribute them, for any purpose, without restrictions.
The key features of openness are:
Availability and access: the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form.
Reuse and redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit reuse and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets. The data must be machine-readable.
Universal participation: everyone must be able to use, reuse and redistribute — there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavour or against persons or groups. For example, ‘non-commercial’ restrictions that would prevent ‘commercial’ use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (e.g. only in education), are not allowed.
Open Data initiatives, activities and portals:
AFRICA : Africa open data
AMERICA – Canada: Canadian Government Open Data
AMERICA – United States : Government’s open data
AMERICA – United States : International Monetary Fund – Data – Statistics
AMERICA – United States : Open Data Index
AMERICA – United States : United Nations (undata) Catalog
AMERICA – United States : United Nations Aids
AMERICA – United States : United Nations Development Programme
AMERICA – United States : United Nations Environment Programme
AMERICA – United States : World Bank
AMERICA – United States : World Health Organization
ASIA – China: Chinese Government Public Information Online
ASIA – Japan: Japanese Government Open Data
ASIA – Russia: Russie
EUROPE : Announcement Strategy OD
EUROPE : eGovernment & Digital Public Services:
EUROPE : Engage European Open Data
EUROPE : Ess-eric
EUROPE : European Climate Assessment – Dataset
EUROPE : European Commission – Cohesion Policy Data
EUROPE : European Commission Eurostat
EUROPE : European Data Portal
EUROPE : European Space Agency – Copernicus Space Component Data Access
EUROPE : European Union Open Data Portal
WORLD: World Trade Organization
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